Genesis 22 starts the story of God asking Abraham to sacrifice Isaac to Him. They were supposed to go to the land of Moriah and make this sacrifice. Abraham saddled his donkey and took Isaac and two servants and traveled to this place. On the third day, Abraham looked up and saw the place from afar. Abraham and Isaac went up and built an altar and Abraham was going to sacrifice Isaac when God stopped Abraham and provided a ram to be sacrificed in Isaacs place.
I have seen many people use this story as to how horrible God must be in order for Him to want Abraham to sacrifice his child. Not to mention how bad Abraham must be to be willing to kill his child. We can move past that real quick by considering Isaac a willing participant.. How can that be? Because Isaac was at least 30 years old at the time and Abraham well over 100. When is the last time you saw a man over 100 years of age over power a 30 year old? Isaac knew what was going to happen and went along with it.
How is this story a typology?
Abraham as God the Father. Isaac as the Son of God. The Son is willing to be sacrificed and be obedient to the Father.
Before Isaac was placed on the altar:
Gen 22:7 And Isaac said to his father Abraham, “My father!” And he said, “Here am I, my son.” He said, “Behold, the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?” 8 Abraham said, “God will provide for himself the lamb for a burnt offering, my son.” So they went both of them together.
When God stopped Abraham, here is what it says:
Gen 22:12 He said, “Do not lay your hand on the boy or do anything to him, for now I know that you fear God, seeing you have not withheld your son, your only son, from me.”
Ishmael was already born, but here God considers Isaac as the only son of Abraham. Isaac was the promised son to Abraham.
Look at this verse:
Gen 22:19 So Abraham returned to his young men, and they arose and went together to Beersheba. And Abraham lived at Beersheba.
Where is Isaac?
Gen 24:2 And Abraham said to his servant, the oldest of his household, who had charge of all that he had, “Put your hand under my thigh, 3 that I may make you swear by the LORD, the God of heaven and God of the earth, that you will not take a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell, 4 but will go to my country and to my kindred, and take a wife for my son Isaac.”
This is the first reference of Isaac since the sacrifice. And the context? The servant going to get the bride for the son. The Holy Spirit is the one that gathers the bride for Jesus.